It is Finished!

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It is Finished!

John 18:1-111

The Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus

After Jesus had spoken these words, he went out with his disciples across the Kidron valley to a place where there was a garden, which he and his disciples entered. Now Judas, who betrayed him, also knew the place, because Jesus often met there with his disciples. So Judas brought a detachment of soldiers together with police from the chief priests and the Pharisees, and they came there with lanterns and torches and weapons. Then Jesus, knowing all that was to happen to him, came forward and asked them, “Whom are you looking for?” They answered, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus replied, “I am he.” Judas, who betrayed him, was standing with them. When Jesus said to them, “I am he,” they stepped back and fell to the ground. Again he asked them, “Whom are you looking for?” And they said, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus answered, “I told you that I am he. So if you are looking for me, let these men go.” This was to fulfill the word that he had spoken, “I did not lose a single one of those whom you gave me.” Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it, struck the high priest’s slave, and cut off his right ear. The slave’s name was Malchus. Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword back into its sheath. Am I not to drink the cup that the Father has given me?”

John 18:12-14

Jesus before the High Priest

So the soldiers, their officer, and the Jewish police arrested Jesus and bound him. First they took him to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year. Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews that it was better to have one person die for the people.

John 18:15-182

Peter Denies Jesus

Simon Peter and another disciple followed Jesus. Since that disciple was known to the high priest, he went with Jesus into the courtyard of the high priest, but Peter was standing outside at the gate. So the other disciple, who was known to the high priest, went out, spoke to the woman who guarded the gate, and brought Peter in. The woman said to Peter, “You are not also one of this man’s disciples, are you?” He said, “I am not.” Now the slaves and the police had made a charcoal fire because it was cold, and they were standing around it and warming themselves. Peter also was standing with them and warming himself.

John 18:19-24

The High Priest Questions Jesus

Then the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and about his teaching. Jesus answered, “I have spoken openly to the world; I have always taught in synagogues and in the temple, where all the Jews come together. I have said nothing in secret. Why do you ask me? Ask those who heard what I said to them; they know what I said.” When he had said this, one of the police standing nearby struck Jesus on the face, saying, “Is that how you answer the high priest?” Jesus answered, “If I have spoken wrongly, testify to the wrong. But if I have spoken rightly, why do you strike me?” Then Annas sent him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.

John 18:25-27

Peter Denies Jesus Again

Now Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. They asked him, “You are not also one of his disciples, are you?” He denied it and said, “I am not.” One of the slaves of the high priest, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, asked, “Did I not see you in the garden with him?” Again Peter denied it, and at that moment the cock crowed.

John 18:28-383

Jesus before Pilate

Then they took Jesus from Caiaphas to Pilate’s headquarters. It was early in the morning. They themselves did not enter the headquarters, so as to avoid ritual defilement and to be able to eat the Passover. So Pilate went out to them and said, “What accusation do you bring against this man?” They answered, “If this man were not a criminal, we would not have handed him over to you.” Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves and judge him according to your law.” The Jews replied, “We are not permitted to put anyone to death.” (This was to fulfill what Jesus had said when he indicated the kind of death he was to die.)

Then Pilate entered the headquarters again, summoned Jesus, and asked him, “Are you the King of the Jews?” Jesus answered, “Do you ask this on your own, or did others tell you about me?” Pilate replied, “I am not a Jew, am I? Your own nation and the chief priests have handed you over to me. What have you done?” Jesus answered, “My kingdom is not from this world. If my kingdom were from this world, my followers would be fighting to keep me from being handed over to the Jews. But as it is, my kingdom is not from here.” Pilate asked him, “So you are a king?” Jesus answered, “You say that I am a king. For this I was born, and for this I came into the world, to testify to the truth. Everyone who belongs to the truth listens to my voice.” Pilate asked him, “What is truth?” “

John 18:39-19:424

Jesus Sentenced to Death

After he had said this, he went out to the Jews again and told them, “I find no case against him. But you have a custom that I release someone for you at the Passover. Do you want me to release for you the King of the Jews?” They shouted in reply, “Not this man, but Barabbas!” Now Barabbas was a bandit.

Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged. And the soldiers wove a crown of thorns and put it on his head, and they dressed him in a purple robe. They kept coming up to him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” and striking him on the face. Pilate went out again and said to them, “Look, I am bringing him out to you to let you know that I find no case against him.” So Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, “Here is the man!” When the chief priests and the police saw him, they shouted, “Crucify him! Crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves and crucify him; I find no case against him.” The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and according to that law he ought to die because he has claimed to be the Son of God.”

Now when Pilate heard this, he was more afraid than ever. He entered his headquarters again and asked Jesus, “Where are you from?” But Jesus gave him no answer. Pilate therefore said to him, “Do you refuse to speak to me? Do you not know that I have power to release you, and power to crucify you?” Jesus answered him, “You would have no power over me unless it had been given you from above; therefore the one who handed me over to you is guilty of a greater sin.” From then on Pilate tried to release him, but the Jews cried out, “If you release this man, you are no friend of the emperor. Everyone who claims to be a king sets himself against the emperor.”

When Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus outside and sat on the judge’s bench at a place called The Stone Pavement, or in Hebrew Gabbatha. Now it was the day of Preparation for the Passover; and it was about noon. He said to the Jews, “Here is your King!” They cried out, “Away with him! Away with him! Crucify him!” Pilate asked them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but the emperor.” Then he handed him over to them to be crucified.

John 19:16-305

The Crucifixion of Jesus

So they took Jesus; and carrying the cross by himself, he went out to what is called The Place of the Skull, which in Hebrew is called Golgotha. There they crucified him, and with him two others, one on either side, with Jesus between them. Pilate also had an inscription written and put on the cross. It read, “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.” Many of the Jews read this inscription, because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, in Latin, and in Greek. Then the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but, ‘This man said, I am King of the Jews.’ ” Pilate answered, “What I have written I have written.” When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his clothes and divided them into four parts, one for each soldier. They also took his tunic; now the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece from the top. So they said to one another, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it to see who will get it.” This was to fulfill what the scripture says,

“They divided my clothes among themselves,

and for my clothing they cast lots.”

And that is what the soldiers did.

Meanwhile, standing near the cross of Jesus were his mother, and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. When Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing beside her, he said to his mother, “Woman, here is your son.” Then he said to the disciple, “Here is your mother.” And from that hour the disciple took her into his own home.

After this, when Jesus knew that all was now finished, he said (in order to fulfill the scripture), “I am thirsty.” A jar full of sour wine was standing there. So they put a sponge full of the wine on a branch of hyssop and held it to his mouth. When Jesus had received the wine, he said, “It is finished.” Then he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.

John 19:31-37

Jesus’ Side Is Pierced

Since it was the day of Preparation, the Jews did not want the bodies left on the cross during the sabbath, especially because that sabbath was a day of great solemnity. So they asked Pilate to have the legs of the crucified men broken and the bodies removed. Then the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of the other who had been crucified with him. But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. Instead, one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once blood and water came out. (He who saw this has testified so that you also may believe. His testimony is true, and he knows that he tells the truth.) These things occurred so that the scripture might be fulfilled, “None of his bones shall be broken.” And again another passage of scripture says, “They will look on the one whom they have pierced.”

John 19:38-426

The Burial of Jesus

After these things, Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, though a secret one because of his fear of the Jews, asked Pilate to let him take away the body of Jesus. Pilate gave him permission; so he came and removed his body. Nicodemus, who had at first come to Jesus by night, also came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, weighing about a hundred pounds. They took the body of Jesus and wrapped it with the spices in linen cloths, according to the burial custom of the Jews. Now there was a garden in the place where he was crucified, and in the garden there was a new tomb in which no one had ever been laid. And so, because it was the Jewish day of Preparation, and the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there.

If you were there during the crufixion of Jesus, where do you think you would be and what role would you have played?

What feelings does this stir up in you?

Where do you most strongly sense God’s love in this event?


  1. (Mt 26:47–56; Mk 14:43–52; Lk 22:47–53)
  2. (Mt 26:69–75; Mk 14:66–72; Lk 22:54–62)
  3. (Mt 27:1–2, 11–14; Mk 15:1–5; Lk 23:1–5)
  4. (Mt 27:15–31; Mk 15:6–20; Lk 23:13–25)
  5. (Mt 27:32–56; Mk 15:21–41; Lk 23:26–49)
  6. (Mt 27:57–61; Mk 15:42–47; Lk 23:50–56)

The Whole Bag

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The Whole Bag

John 13:21-321

Jesus Foretells His Betrayal

After saying this Jesus was troubled in spirit, and declared, “Very truly, I tell you, one of you will betray me.” The disciples looked at one another, uncertain of whom he was speaking. One of his disciples—the one whom Jesus loved—was reclining next to him; Simon Peter therefore motioned to him to ask Jesus of whom he was speaking. So while reclining next to Jesus, he asked him, “Lord, who is it?” Jesus answered, “It is the one to whom I give this piece of bread when I have dipped it in the dish.” So when he had dipped the piece of bread, he gave it to Judas son of Simon Iscariot. After he received the piece of bread, Satan entered into him. Jesus said to him, “Do quickly what you are going to do.” Now no one at the table knew why he said this to him. Some thought that, because Judas had the common purse, Jesus was telling him, “Buy what we need for the festival”; or, that he should give something to the poor. So, after receiving the piece of bread, he immediately went out. And it was night.

When he had gone out, Jesus said, “Now the Son of Man has been glorified, and God has been glorified in him. If God has been glorified in him, God will also glorify him in himself and will glorify him at once.”

Hebrews 12:1-32

The Example of Jesus

Therefore, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us also lay aside every weight and the sin that clings so closely, and let us run with perseverance the race that is set before us, looking to Jesus the pioneer and perfecter of our faith, who for the sake of the joy that was set before him endured the cross, disregarding its shame, and has taken his seat at the right hand of the throne of God.

Consider him who endured such hostility against himself from sinners, so that you may not grow weary or lose heart.

John, in writing this narrative is going for dramatic effect as opposed to detailed accuracy. Jesus knew He was going to be betrayed, and he knew that Judas would turn Him over to the authorities. What He did not say here, according to John, was the rest of the story – that every single one of them would abandon Him. Peter would rise to defend Jesus once, and then deny He ever knew Him later than evening. John, would be there at the foot of the cross with the two Mary’s, but would not speak a word to defend Him before the cross. After the crucifixion, every last one of them would be hiding. All those around Jesus would disappoint Him in His hour of need.

Jesus could have spent more time talking about His disappointments here. Instead, He chose to invite them all into the new kingdom once again. Instead of being stuck on the present problems, He saw the future of hope in them that went beyond their earthly relationships with Him. He chose to see what the Holy Spirit would do with them once he left.

Hebrews tells us that we can expect to endure disappointments like this as well. That is probably not a surprise to you. What may be surprising is that Jesus, in this moment faced with disappointment, re-invited all of them into His kingdom, called them friends instead of just servants, and then proceeded to wash their feet. Imagine how powerful that memory would become after their betrayals, denials, and abandonment of Him! Imagine how formative that moment would become later when they faced their own betrayers! Jesus taught true servant leadership that focused beyond the present moment and into a future full of hope that He was creating.

When Jesus chose those disciples…when Jesus chose us, He was not getting just the good parts of us. He chose the whole bag and everything that came with it and went to work to transform it all.

When have you faced betrayal, either as the one betraying or the victim of betrayal?

How does that affect your view of the future?

How does the response of Jesus change the effect of that betrayal?


  1. (Mt 26:21–25; Mk 14:18–19; Lk 22:21–23)
  2. (Prov 3:11–12)

Goat Song

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Stamp! Stamp! – the restless son                        Clamp! Clamp! – the tethered colt

before beliefs beset between                                luna’s low laugh lauded

a startled flock                                                            lifting palms

unending train                                                            trampling coats

ripples riddled Adam’s bane                                 crowded by a flock of goats

Tramp! Tramp! – the dying day                           Chomp! Chomp! – the bitter teeth

could coo the crowd carrying                              mincing meanings made for mercy

a heaving hand                                                            burning in

upholding hope                                                           the outer cold

dancing down a slippery slope                              for payments made in blood and gold

Bleat! Bleat! – the charming chest                        Flake! Flake! – the broken bread

drinking droughts of dreadful dross                    needed nought known by none

infusing face                                                                   flayed to feed

outpouring lies                                                             and hunger heal

to cover over sightless eyes                                   crushed beneath the tragic wheel

Trip! Trap! – the fathers gruff                                 Stomp! Stomp! – the vineyard press

ripen rivaled rustic rib                                              angered action aim appall

seeking green and                                                        spewing lies

losing truth                                                                     choking true

feeding famished toller’s tooth                               a multitude against the few

Clip! Clap! – the shaved slave                                  Chop! Chop! – the butcher’s block

sinning strongs and saving salt                               waiting with a weary world

in buried births                                                              in hungry cold

raising Cain                                                                      to feed the flame

a vengeance for a neighbor’s pain                          with a lamb who bears the name

Fleet! Feet! – swift to shed                                         Bleed! Bleed! – the paschal son

torrid tired trying trust                                              forever filial faith is found

for given much                                                               for goats in shame

they take the more                                                       this lamb was slain

no entry yet they bar the door                               to break the power of evil’s reign

Creak! Creak! – the ancient gate                             Crack! Crack! – the ancient gate

nimbly numbly naming now                                    drenched in drops of death destroyed

none called right                                                           and Love’s first light

all sent left                                                                        shines in the gloom

their purity within bereft                                           while goats reborn from barren womb

sing praises at an empty tomb

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