Cyclical following natural phenomenon – often measured in lunar cycles.
Cyclical following natural growth and/or birth cycles – measured in biological (primarily reproductive) cycles
Cyclical progression – measured in environmental changes
Singularly Linear Progressive
Existential/Nihilistic “Post-Modern” Time
Nonexistant (Continuous Present)
Later “Post-Modern Time”
Branching Linear Progressive
Ecological (Evolutionary) Time
Homeostatic Shifting – measured in “significant” ecological changes
Earlier approaches generally favor a single-stream view of time (whether cyclical or progressive) that leans on a belief in objective perception. Later (post-“modern”) views typically emphasize either multiple streams (often described in terms of dimensions or realities) in a progressive state of branching (which may also be generalized into a progressively complex single stream paradigm) or in a disbelief in time altogether due to a nihilistic epistemology and/or ontology. While these paradigms are valuable perspectives, they ultimately all can be generalized into a single-stream (typically progressive) view that we have always held.
However, at least two questions remain unaddressed by the majority of these paradigms:
- Does time exist as a real object or force or is it merely an epistemological abstraction or psychological concept created so that we can better record, categorize, and interpret the changes in our perceptions?
- Can multiple time streams truly exist within one “reality”?